The caloric restriction effect of resveratrol (3,5,4’-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is significant. If you are not drinking wine for the resveratrol and anthocyanins, then drink a berry fruit juice, such as white or green tea and blueberry, which can be found combined in some juice products. Green tea with epigallocathingallate (EGCG) is high in lignans but low in isoflavonoids, which are polyphenols. Both resveratrol and allocatechin-gallate, a major antioxidative green tea polyphenol, exerting inhibitory effects on diverse cellular events associated with cancer of the prostate (Sartor, 2004; Stewart, 2003).
The wine industry has utilized essential oils of thyme, clove, cinnamon, and tea tree in concentrations ranging from 100 to 500 parts per million (ppm) to eliminate a wide range of postharvest pathogens on harvested grapes such as the fungus Botrytis cinerea (Arras, 2001). Some juice products contain essential oils of lemon and orange, sources of d-limonene that may work via inhibition of p21-dependent signaling and apoptosis resulting from induction of the transforming growth factor beta-signaling pathway (Kaji, 2001). D-limonene metabolites also cause G1 cell cycle arrest, inhibit posttranslational modification of signal transduction proteins, and cause differential expression of cell cycles. That means d-limonene helps regulate cells as they replicate in their life cycle to maintain the reproduction of healthy normal cells throughout the body (Reddy, 1997).